Residents living off base might experience some weird things happening Monday night. They should park their cars in the garage, if they have one. And they should make sure every item sitting outdoors, which others easily can pick up such as door mats and flower pots, gets placed indoors for that night. These precautionary measures must be taken because it’s “Hexennacht,” or witches night.
***image1***Legend says that on the night of April 30, evil ghosts represented by cold weather, snow and darkness meet with witches and demons at Blocksberg hill in the Harz mountains. Here they get into mischief before they take off on broomsticks, pitchforks and billy goats at midnight.
Today it’s a custom for mainly children and teenagers to play tricks on neighbors. They ring doorbells and run off, put mustard on door handles, hide floor mats and trash cans, remove garden gates and wrap cars in toilet paper.
Sometimes, older children or adults do destructive things like lifting drainage covers in the middle of the road or moving traffic signs. So drivers are asked to be very careful at night or the following morning, because these actions create safety hazards and result in property damage. German Police patrol the neighborhoods Monday night and take appropriate action if necessary.
The origin of witches night goes back to pagan times, when people believed that evil ghosts tried to prevent the “Queen of Spring” from entering the country. Witches and demons were masters of people and things, so people did a lot to protect themselves. They hid billy goats and broomsticks so witches would not be able to ride on them through the night and do evil things. It was an unwritten law that children must not get beaten with a broomstick, because it could be a witch’s tool.
Also, socks were put cross-shaped on children’s beds, pentagrams were put over house entrances or sacred salt was scattered over the threshold. Residents used several herbs known to ban witches to smoke out houses and stables. Herbs included rue, St. John’s wort and juniper.
Men made a lot of noise with whips and gun shots and lit fires to scare away demons. Cattle were driven through fire to secure their fertility for the following year, and young couples jumped over fire to make sure their love would last forever.
Witches night is also called “Walpurgis” night. Walpurga was an English saint who worked as a missionary in Germany in the eighth century. In 761, she became the abbess of a monastery in Heidenheim, which was founded by her two brothers Willibald and Wunibald, who also were saints. She was known for exorcising demons from the bodies of the sick. Walpurga died in 779, and on May 1, 871 her body was transported to Eischstäett to be reburied next to her brothers.
Another German tradition to observe the beginning of May is to “dance into May.” Various associations and sports clubs sponsor “Tanz in den Mai” with live music in community halls, sports gyms, gasthauses or other facilities that house dancing halls.
In several villages of the KMC, the May tree will be put up the evening of April 30 or in the morning of May 1. Sometimes this ceremony is combined with a village fest.
The May tree usually is a fir with the lower branches stripped and only the treetop untouched. The pole is decorated with colorful ribbons and craftsmen’s trade ornaments like sausages for the butchers, pretzels for the bakers, or carved wooden figures. May poles symbolize the beginning of spring and hope for a good harvest.
Germany and some other European countries also observe Labor Day Tuesday. It’s a legal holiday and stores are closed.
In 1890, May 1 was proclaimed as the day of the working class by the first international workers’ congress in Paris. It was a day to fight for an eight-hour work day and other working-class rights.
Nowadays, trade unions and workers meet for assemblies, demonstrations and political speeches.
May tree fests or putting up May trees:
Monday: 4 p.m. Dorfplatz Oberarnbach, 6 p.m. Reservist Comradeship area at end of Otterbach going to Sambach; 6 p.m. Drehenthalerhof (part of Otterberg); 3 p.m. Dorfplatz in Schwedelbach; 6 p.m. Pfalzwaldhalle Mehl-bach; 6 p.m. Dorfplatz in Krickenbach; 6 p.m. near Lindenbrunnen (fountain) in Stelzenberg
Tuesday: 11 a.m. Dorfplatz in Queidersbach; near fire house in Frankelbach; in Erzenhausen
Dance into May on Monday:
9 p.m. Westpfalzhalle Niederkirchen; 8 p.m. landwirtschaftliche Maschinenhalle (agricultural vehicle hall), Mittelbrunn; 8 p.m. sports club, Martins-höhe, witches disco; 8 p.m. Mehrzweckhalle Kindsbach